Type of Credit: Elective
Number of Students
As a widely discussed and quoted term, "globalization" has faced the challenge of the rise of civil society localism. Since the 1980s, environmental, agro-food, and even cultural preservation activism have regarded the wave of globalization and transnational corporations or organizations as the main culprits of environmental degradation and the decline of cultural diversity. Nevertheless, various research has pointed out that "global" and "local" are mutually influenced rather than dualistic concepts. With the spread of urban expansion and reverse urbanization, the boundary between urban and rural areas has become increasingly blurred. To help students think about cultural development with a more holistic perspective, this course introduces relevant theories and guides students through the complexity of the seemingly contradictory but interdependent concepts.
This course contains lectures, student presentations, and in-class discussions. These activities are based on reading materials and lecture slides prepared by the instructor. Apart from lectures, students are expected to summarize the assigned readings on the topic(s) they sign-up at the beginning of the term, and present their thoughts in the class (at least one presentation, depending on the size of the class). Students are encouraged to read before classes and to bring their reflections and questions to in-class discussions. Finally, this course aims to help students think clearly and express their ideas in the term paper about what can and cannot reasonably be said about causal relations within the global political economy’s realms. The essay must be at least 2,000 words but no longer than 3,000 words. This course will emphasise the importance of analytical perspectives on key social science issues, theories, and policies.
This course aims to provide students with a rounded understanding of key theories that inform thinking about cultural development, global political economy, and globalisation. It discusses development, a knowledge of the historical experience of development, and an understanding of some of the most significant policy debates about international development today. In doing so, it aims to integrate the concepts and perspectives of a range of social science disciplines to demonstrate how they can usefully be combined to further understanding of problems of development and change. In the first part, this course gives an introduction to the interdisciplinary field of development studies aiming to place different analytical perspectives within historical context. In the second part, this course delves into current policy issues, including those surrounding demographic change, health and poverty, agrarian development, industrial development, international trade and globalisation, social policy and poverty, environment and development, the role of development aid and the impact of international security on development. By the end of the course, students should have a comprehensive understanding of major problems and policy debates within the field of development and be able to use this understanding both in applied work on development, and in further research within development studies.
Week 1 Introduction & Logistics
Week 2 International Development: Global South and Global North
Reinert, E. 2007. How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor. London: Constable, Introduction and Chapter 1 “Discovering Types of Economic Theories” and Chapter 4, “Globalization: the Arguments in Favour are also the Arguments Against”.
Wolf, M. 2004. Why Globalization Works, Yale UP, see Part II (Ch 1 and 4).
Milanovic, Branko. 2003. “The Two Faces of Globalization: Against Globalization as We Know It” World Development Vol. 31, No. 4: pp. 667–683.
Week 3 Nationalism: States, Markets and Institutions
Reinert, E. 2007. How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor. London: Constable, Introduction and Chapters 2, “The Evolution of Two Different Approaches”.
Smith, A. 1776. An Inquiry into the Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Chapter 2, “Of the Principle Which Gives Occasion to the Division of Labour”.
Polanyi, K. 2001 . The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Times (Boston: Beacon Press), Chap. 5, “Evolution of the Market Pattern” and Chap. 6, “The Self-Regulating Market and the Fictitious Commodities: Labor, Land and Money”.
Week 4 Globalisation and Colonial Legacies
Acemoglu, Daron, Johnson, Simon and Robinson, James [AJR]. 2001. The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation. American Economic Review 91, 5: 1369-1401.
Lange, Matthew, Mahoney, James and Matthias vom Hau. 2006. Colonialism and Development: A Comparative Analysis of Spanish and British Colonies. American Journal of Sociology 111, 5: 1412-62.
Mamdani, Mahmood. 2001. Beyond Settler and Native as Political Identities: Overcoming the Political Legacy of Colonialism. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 43:651-664.
Week 5 Agricultural Change and Industrialisation
John Toye, ‘Changing Perspectives in Development Economics’, Chap 1 in Chang, H-J (ed.) (2003) Rethinking Development Economics. London: Anthem.
Hirschman, Albert O. 1981. ‘The Rise and Decline of Development Economics’, Essays in Trespassing, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 1.
Hirschman, Albert O. 1981. ‘A Generalized Linkage Approach to Development with special reference to staples’, Essays in Trespassing, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 4.
Rostow, W.W. 1960. The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 2.
Week 6 Neoliberalism, Structural Adjustment and the Washington Consensus
Deepak 1983. Poverty of Development Economics. chapters 2 and 3.
World Bank, Accelerated development in sub-Saharan Africa: an agenda for action (know as the Berg Report). Washington D.C. World Bank, 1981, Introduction.
Reinert, E. 2007. How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor. London: Constable, Chapter 5, “Globlalization and Primitivization: How the Poor Get Even Poorer”.
Palma, Gabriel, ‘Latin America During the Second Half of the Twentieth Century,’ chap 6 in Chang, H-J (ed.) 2003. Rethinking Development Economics. London: Anthem.
Week 7 Urban Bias: Rural-urban Boundaries
Corbridge, Stuart, and Gareth Jones. 2010. The Continuing Debate About Urban Bias: The Thesis, Its Critics, Its Influence and Implications for Poverty Reduction. Progress in Development Studies 10, 1: 1-18.
Lipton, Michael. 2005. Urban Bias. In Forsyth, Tim. (ed) Encyclopaedia of International Development. London: Routledge.
Bezemer, D., & Headey, D. 2008. Agriculture, Development and Urban Bias. World Development 36, 8: 1342-1364.
Knight, John, Li Shi and Lina Song. 2006. The Rural-Urban Divide and the Evolution of Political Economy in China. In Human Development in the Era of Globalization: Essays in Honor of Keith B. Griffin. Ed. James K. Boyce, Stephen Cullenberg, Prasanta K. Pattanaik and Robert Pollin. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Satterthwaite, David. 2003. The Millennium Development Goals and Urban Poverty Reduction: Great Expectations and Nonsense Statistics. Environment and Urbanization 15, 2: 179-190.
Week 8 The Politics of Development: Corruption and Democracy
Chang, H-J. 2003. “Institutional Development in Historical Perspective”, Chapter 22 in Ha-Joon Chang (ed), Rethinking Development Economics (London: Anthem, 2003), pp. 499-521
Leftwich, Adrian, 1994. ‘Governance, The State and the Politics of Development’, Development and Change, Vol.25, No.2, pp.363-86
Di John, Jonathan. 2008. ‘Conceptualising the Causes and Consequences of Failed States: A Critical Review of the Literature’, Crisis States Working Paper No. 25 (Series 2).
Herbst, Jeffrey. 2004. ‘Let them Fail: State Failure in Theory and Practice’. In When States Fail: Causes and Consequences. Ed. Robert Rotberg. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp. 302-318.
Week 9 Civil Society, Resilience, and Challenge of Development
Weller, Robert P. 2005. Civil Associations and Autonomy Under Three Regimes: The Boundaries of State and Society in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and China. In Weller, Robert P. (ed.), Civil Life, Globalization, and Political Change in Asia. London: Routledge. Pp. 76-94.
Habermas, J. 1989. The structural transformation of the public sphere: an inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. Oxford: Polity.
Habermas, J. 1996. Between facts and norms: contributions to a discourse theory of law and democracy. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Week 10 Globalisation, Inequality, and Financial Crises
Wade, Robert. 2009. ‘Is the Globalization Consensus Dead?’ Antipode Vol. 41 No. S1 142–165.
Frenkel, Roberto and Martin Rapetti. 2009. ‘A developing country view of the current global crisis: what should not be forgotten and what should be done’ Cambridge Journal of Economics, 33, 685–702.
Agosin, Manuel R. and Franklin Huaita. 2011. “Capital flows to emerging economies: Minsky in the tropics” Cambridge Journal of Economics, 35, 663–683.
Week 11 Crises and Paradigm Shifts in Contemporary Development Policy
Zhao, Suisheng 2010. ‘The China Model: can it replace the Western model of modernization?’, Journal of Contemporary China, 19: 65, 419-436.
Collier, Paul. 2007. The Bottom Billion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Ch. 6.
Gore, C. 2000. ‘The Rise and Fall of the Washington Consensus as a Paradigm for Developing Countries’ World Development 28(5):789-804.
Sumner, A. 2011. ‘The Global Economic Crisis and Beyond: What Possible Future(s) for Development Studies?’ European Journal of Development Research 23, 43–58.
Week 12 Demographic Change and Land Reform: Human-land Relationship
Caldwell, J. C. 1986. ‘Routes to low mortality in poor countries’. Population and Development Review 12(2):171-220.
Dyson, T. 2010. Population and Development: The Demographic Transition, London, Zed Books, chapters 1 and 2.
Livi-Bacci, M. 2001. ‘The populations of poor countries’, chapter 5 (of M. Livi-Bacci, A Concise History of World Population (Third Edition), Oxford, Blackwell Publishers.
World Bank 2008. World Development Report: Agriculture and Development. The Executive Summary.
Putzel, James. 2000. Land Reforms in Asia: Lessons from the past for the 21st century’ DESTIN Working Papers, no. 4.
Week 13 Health and Poverty
Acemoglu, D., Johnson S., and Robinson J. 2003. Disease and Development in Historical Perspective. Journal of European Economic Association, MIT Press, Vol. 1(2-3), Pages 397- 405, 04/05.
Abegunde, Dele, Colin Mathers, Taghreed Adam, Monica Ortegon and Kathleen Strong. 2007. The Burden and Costs of Chronic Diseases in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries. The Lancet 370, 9603: 1929-1938.
Week 14 Industrial Policy and International Trade in the Age of Globalisation
Rodrik, Dani, 2004. ‘Industrial Policy for the Twenty-First Century’, 4767.
Kaplinsky R. (2000): Globalisation and Unequalisation: What Can Be Learned from ValueChain Analysis? Journal of Development Studies, 37:2, 117-146
Stiglitz, J. and A. Charlton 2006. ‘Fair Trade for All’ World Ark, March/April.
Reinert, E. 2007. How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor. London: Constable, Chap. 7 “Palliative Economics: Why the Millennium Development Goals are a Bad Idea”, pp. 239-270.
Week 15 Development Aid and Social Policy: Localism and Community
Mkandawire 2007. Transformative Social Policy and Innovation in Developing Countries’ The European Journal of Development Research,19(1), pp. 13 – 29.
Dani, A. and de Haan, A. (2008) Inclusive States: Social Policy and Structural Inequalities, Ch 1, pp. 3-33.
Kharas, Homi (2007) ‘The New Reality of Aid,’ Brookings Institution
Thérien, Jean-Philippe. 2002. ‘Debating foreign aid: right versus left’, Third World Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 3 (June), pp. 449-66.
Brautigam, Deborah. 2011. ‘Aid ‘With Chinese Characteristics’: Chinese Foreign Aid and Development Finance Meet the OECD-DAC Aid Regime,’ Journal of International Development, 23, 752–764.
Week16 Environmental Issues: Human-land Relationship and Sustainable Development
Bernstein, S. et al. (2010) ‘A Tale of Two Copenhagens: Carbon Markets and Global Governance’ Journal of International Studies 39(1):161-73.
Homer, Dixon. 1999. Environment, scarcity and violence. Princeton University Press. Read Chapter 3: Two Centuries of Debate. Pp.28-44.
Jasanoff, S. and M. L. Martello. 2004. Introduction: Globalization and Environmental Governance. Earthly Politics: Local and Global in Environmental Governance. S. Jasanoff and M. L. Martello. Cambridge, The MIT Press: 1-29.
Sandbrook, C. et al. 2010. ‘Carbon, Forests and the REDD Paradox’. Oryx 44:330-34.
World Bank. 2010. World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change. Washington DC: The World Bank (Overview).
Vertovec, Steven & Cohen, Robin. (eds.) 2002. Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice.Oxford: Oxford University Press. Introduction.
Werbner, Pnina. (ed.) 2008. Anthropology and the New Cosmopolitanism: Rooted, Feminist and Vernacular Perspectives. New York: Berg. Ch. 1, 3, 14.
Yeoh, Brenda S. A. & Lin, Weiqiang. 2012. ‘Cosmopolitanism in cities and beyond.’ In Delanty, Gerard (ed), Routledge Handbook of Cosmopolitanism Studies. London: Routledge.
Week 18 Revision and Wrap-up Discussion