Type of Credit: Elective
Number of Students
Peoples speaking Austronesian languages in Taiwan lived independently and autonomously for thousands of years until the colonial powers landed and began the process of modernization. Modernization is a set of powerful discourses and practices integrating indigenous peoples and their lands into state politics and market economy. It is also a set of monotonous discourses and practices eliminating indigenous cultures and knowledge. Meanwhile, indigenous peoples’ continual struggles to survive their unique identities and relations to the lands are inspiring us to image the pluralistic and alternative possibilities. In general, this course will provide a framework understanding Taiwan indigenous peoples’ experiences of modernization, and to enhance the students’ ability to dialogue between theories and case studies.
This course aims to equip students with knowledge of:
Week01 (09/19) Introduction: 【Course overview】 ＋【Movie screening】
Week02 (09/26) Why Development?
Week03 (10/03)【No Class 】
Week04 (10/10)【National Day】
Week05 (10/17) From colonialism to development＋Failed modernization?
Week06(10/24) The origin of Taiwan indigenes and the politics of it
Week07 (10/31) Indigenous people in the Colonial context
Week08 (11/07) Indigenous people under the State-led Development
Week09 (11/14) Indigenous land and traditional territory
Week10 (11/21) 【Field Trip1】
Week11 (11/28) Indigenous politics and the politics in the indigenous societies
Week12 (12/05) Culture and Identity
Week13 (12/12) Alternative Development I: Neo-populism, Indigenous Knowledge, and Its Critics
Week14 (12/19) Alternative Development II: Neoliberalism and Sustainable Development
Week15 (12/26) Development with Culture and Identity
Week16 (01/02) Cases of contemporary efforts
Week17 (01/09)【Field Trip2】
Week18 (01/16)【Course Conclusion】
Student Workload Expectation:
In-class Hours 3 / Outside-of-class Hours 4.5-6
Assigned readings, one-page commentary on the readings
This is a reading seminar, and students should expect to read up to 4 articles or book chapters per week. Each seminar participant is required to make four to five (depends on the number of students enrolled in the course) presentations of weekly reading by the end of the semester. Students not making presentation for that week should also read the weekly reading and participate in class discussion. Students not making presentation for that week should write a one-page commentary on the readings. The commentary should be submitted on-line by Tuesday evening. You are encouraged to bring in other sources such as other bodies of literature, case studies, or your own experience to enrich the discussion of the assigned topic.
In addition to the readings, this course will arrange field trips to visit indigenous communities in Taiwan. The field trip aims to help students to experience the situation of Taiwan indigenous society. In the trip, students will visit the legacy of colonial contact, witness the impact of tourism business, and local community's efforts to engage modernity. Furthermore, students will experience community-based ecological tourism, local organic farming and cultural revitalization that reflect indigenous peoples' efforts to seek for alternative development.
Week 2. Why development?
· Nandha Shresta. 1995. “Becoming a Development Category” in J. Crush (ed.). Power of Development. London and New York: Routledge: 266-277.
·Arturo Escobar. 1995. “The Problematization of Poverty: The Tale of Three Worlds and Development”. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Routledge: 21-54.
·Paul Streeten. 1983. "Development Dichotomies,” World Development 11(10): 875-889.
·Richard Peet and Elaine Hartwick. 1999. "Introduction" in Theories of Development, chapter 1
Week 5. From colonialism to development + Failed modernization?
·Albert O. Hirschman. 1981. "The rise and decline of development Economics,” Essays in Trespassing: Economics to Politics and Beyond. New York: Cambridge University Press: 1-24.
·Michael R. Dove. 1993. “A revisionist view of tropical deforestation and development,” Environmental Conservation 20 (1): 17-24, 56.
·Amartya Sen. 1999. Development as Freedom, New York: Anchor Books. Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4
·Arturo Escobar. 1992. "Planning" in W. Sachs (ed.). The Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power. London and New Jersey: Zed Books: 132-145.
· Richard Peet and Elaine Hartwick. 1999. "Economic Theories of Growth and Development" and"Sociological Theories of Modernization," Theories of Development, chapters 2 and 3 (text).
Week6 The origin of indigenes and the politics of it
·Bellwood, Peter , James J. Fox and Darrell Tryon.1995.” The Austronesians in History: Common Origins and Diverse Transformations. ” In The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives.Peter Belllwood,James J. Fox,and Darrell Tryon. Canberra:The Australian National University. Pp.1-38
·Blench, Roger. 2010. Remapping the Austronesian expansion. Festschrift for Malcolm Ross. Bethwyn Evans ed. pp. 1-25. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
·Stainton ,Michael.2007.” The Politics of Taiwan Aboriginal Origins.”In Taiwan:A New History. Murray A. Rubinstein, ed. Pp.27-4. New York M.E. Sharpe.
· Blench Roger .2012.Almost everything you believed about the Austronesians isn’t true. Crossing Borders: Selected Papers from the 13th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists 2012. National University of Singapore Press, pp 122–142
Week 7. Indigenous people in the colonial context
·Shepherd,John. 1993. Statecraft and Political Economy on the Taiwan Frontier, 1600-1800.Stanford: Standford University Press.
·Chang, L.C. 2008，From Quarantine to Colonization: Qing Debates on Territorialization of Aboriginal Taiwan in the Nineteenth Century teenth-Century Taiwan」，《Taiwan Historical Research》15(4），p1-30。
·Yao. R.D. 2006 ."The Japanese Colonial State and Its Form of Knowledge" in Liao Ping Hui & Wang Der-Wei (eds.) Taiwan under Japanese Colonial Rule, 1895-1945: History, Culture, Memory. New York: Co;umbia University Press. pp. 37-61
·Ching, Leo. T.S.2001. Becoming’Japanese’: colonial Taiwan and the politics of identity formation. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Week 8. Indigenous peoples under the state-led development
·Chiu Yen- liang(Fred) .1989. Taiwan;s Aborigines And Their Struggle towards Radical Democracy. In Ethnicity : Identity, Conflict and Crisis. Kumar David and Santasilan Kadirgamar,eds. Hong Kong: Area Press.
·Simon, Scott. 2006. “Remembrance as Resistance: Social Memory and Social Movement on Indigenous Formosa.” Paper presented at The Third Conference of the European Association of Taiwan Studies, Paris, March 30-31.
Brown, Melissa.J. .2004.” Is Taiwan Chinese?: The Impact of Culture, Power, and Migration on Changing Identities.”Berkeley, Calif. ;London: University Of California Press. Chapter 2. Where Did the Aborigines Go? Reinstating Plains Aborigines in Taiwans’s History. Pp.35-65.
Yang, Shu-Yuan.2008.Christianity, Identity and the Construction of Moral Community among the Bunun of Taiwan. Social Analysis 52(3):51-74.
Week 9. Indigenous land issues
·Hsu, M, Howitt, R and C-C Chi 2014 The idea of ‘Country’: Reframing post-disaster recovery in Indigenous Taiwan settings. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 55(3):370-380. (SSCI).
·Kuan ,D.W. 2016. “Multiculturalism and Indigenous Peoples: A Critical Review of the Experience in Taiwan” in A Transnational Exploration of Japan, South Korea and Taiwan
Edited by Koichi Iwabuchi, Hyun Mee Kim, and Hsiao-Chuan Hsia. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield
·Benoît Vermande.2017. - Rituals as Local Knowledge：Millet and the Symbolic Subsistence of Taiwan's Aboriginal Populations
·Simon, Scott. 2005. “Scarred Landscapes & Tattooed Faces: Poverty, Identity & Land Conflict in a Taiwanese Indigenous Community.”In Indigenous peoples and poverty:an international perspective.Robyn Eversole, John-Andrew McNeish, and Alberto D. Cimadamore, eds. Pp. 53-68. London: Zed Books.
·Chi, C. and Chin, H. .2012. “Knowledge, Power, and Tribal Mapping: A Critical Analysis of the 'Return of the Truku People',” GeoJournal, 77, 733–740
·Charlton, G.X.Gao, and D.W. Kuan. 2017.The law relating to hunting and gathering rights in the traditional territories of Taiwan’s indigenous in Asia Pacific Law Review 25(2):125-148
Week 11. Indigenous politics and politics in indigenous societies
·Ku, Kun-Hui.2008. Ethnographic Studies of Voting among the Austronesian Paiwan :The Role of Paiwan Chiefs in the Contemporary State System of Taiwan.Pacific Affairs 81(3): 838-406.
·Ku, Kun-Hui.2005. Right To Recognition: Minority/Indigenous Politics in the Emerging Taiwanese Nationalism. Social Analysis 49(2): 99-121.
·Simon ,Scott.2010. Negotiating power: Elections and the constitution of indigenous Taiwan.American Ethnologist 37(4): 726-740.
· Hsieh, Jolan (2017). The Changing Identities of Taiwan’s Plains Indigenous Peoples, in
J. Bruce Jacobs & Peter Kang (eds), Changing Taiwanese Identities. New York:
Week 12. Culture and Identity
·Rudolph, Michael. 2008 Ritual Performances as Authenticating Practices: Cultural Representations of Taiwan's Aborigines in Times of Political Change. Berlin: Lit. （part 1）
·Hsie, His-chun 1994 Tourism, Formulation of. Cultural Tradition, and Ethnicity: A Study of the Daiyrm Identity of the Wulai Atayal. In Cultural Change in Postwar Taiwan.Steven Harrell and Huang Chun-chieh, eds. Boudler:Westview Press
Hsie, His-chun 1999 Formosan Prehistory of the Austronesian Aborigines：A ‘Hot but Cold’ Discourse among the Native Archaeologists in Taiwan.” In Taiwan：A History, Murray A. Rubinstein ed. Armonk, NY：M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
· Yang, Shu-Yuan.2011. Cultural Performance and the Reconstruction of Tradition among the Bunun of Taiwan. Oceania 81(3).
·Wang, M.S. 2008 The Reinvention of Ethnicity and Culture: A Comparative Study on the Atayal and the Truku in Taiwan. Bulletin of the Department of Anthropology. 68︰1-44。
Week 13. Alternative Development I: Neopopulism, Indigenous Knowledge, and Its Critiques
·Bebbington, A. 1993. Modernization from below: an alternative indigenous development? Economic Geography 69, 274–292
·Arun Agrawal. 1995. “Dismantling the divide between indigenous and scientific knowledge,” Development and Change 26: 413-439.
·Brosius, J .Peter. 2000. "Endangered Forest, Endangered People: Environmentalist Representations of lndigenous Knowledge," in R. Ellen, P. Parkes and A. Bicker (eds), Indigenous Environmental Knowledge and its Transformations, Harwood Academics, pp. 293-317
·Berkes, Fikret. 1999. Sacred Ecology: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Resource Management. Taylor and Francis: pp. 129-183.
Week 14. Alternative Development II: Neoliberalism and Sustainable Development
·Janet Cochrane. 1996, “The sustainability of ecotourism in Indonesia: fact and fiction”. In M.J.G. Parnwell and R.L. Bryant (eds.). Environmental Change in South-east Asia: People, Politics and Sustainable Development. Routledge: 237-259.
·Michael Goldman. 2004. “Eco-governmentality and other transnational practices of a ‘green’ World Bank,” Liberation Ecologies: Environment, Development, Social Movements: 166-192.
·Peluso, Nancy and A. B. Purwanto. 2017.“The remittance forest: Turning mobile labor
into agrarian capital”. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 39 (1), 6 –36.
·Brooke Wilmsen and Michael Webber .2016.Displacement and resettlement as a mode of capitalist transformation : evidence from China
·Emel Zerrouk .2016.Development-forced land grabs and resistance in reforming Myanmar : the Letpadaung Copper Mine
Week 15. Development with culture and identity
·Radcliffe, S. & N. Laurie.2006.“Culture and development: taking culture seriously in development for Andean indigenous people” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space (24) 231-248
·Tanira Kingi 2014 Tribal partnerships and developing ancestral Mäori land, in in Pacific-Asia Partnerships in Resource Development, ANU Press
·Acabado, S. 2018. Zones of refuge: Resisting conquest in the northern Philippine highlands through environmental practice . Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaa.2018.05.005
Acabado, S. and M. Martin. (2018). The Ifugao Agroecological System: Bridging Culture and Nature to Enhance Tropical Biodiversity. In Exploring Networks for Tropical Forest Conservation: Integrating Natural, Cultural Diversity for Sustainability, A Global Perspective, N. Sanz (ed), pp. 228-253. UNESCO Office in Mexico.
·Lai Ming Lam .2016.Conservation-led displacement, poverty and cultural survival: the experiences of the indigenous Rana Tharus community in far-western Nepal
·Bauman ,Toni and Ciaire Stacey 2014 Agreement-making and free, prior, and informed consent in the Australien Native Title landscape, in Pacific-Asia Partnerships in Resource Development, ANU Press
·Zayas, Cynthia .2014 Combining customary rights and national law in the management
of Visayan fisheries in the Philippines, in in Pacific-Asia Partnerships in Resource Development, ANU Press
Week 16. Cases of Contemporary efforts
· Lin,Yih-Ren*;Lahuy Icyeh;Da-Wei Kuan, 2008.01, "Indigenous Language–Informed Participatory Policy in Taiwan: A Socio-Political Perspective," Documenting and Revitalizing Austronesian Languages, University of Hawaii Press, pp.134-161
· Huang, S.W. Accepting the Best, Revealing the Difference--Borrowing and Identity in an Ami Village. In Religion in Modern Taiwan: Tradition and Innovation in a Changing Society. Philip Clart and Charles B. Jones, eds. Pp. 257-279. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press
·Hu, Tai-Li.2017.The Decline and Revitalisation of Shamanic Traditions in a Paiwan Village in Taiwan
Fikret Berkes and Carl Folk. 2000. Linking social and ecological system for resilience and sustainability. Cambridge University Press